Scarabs were popular amulets and impression seals in Ancient Egypt. In ancient Egyptian religion, the sun god Ra is seen to roll across the sky each day, transforming bodies and souls. The scarab beetles roll dung and lay eggs inside to provide food for the larvae. Therefore, the scarab was seen as a symbol of this heavenly cycle and of the idea of rebirth or regeneration. The Egyptian god Khepri, Ra as the rising sun, was often depicted as a scarab beetle or as a scarab beetle-headed man. The ancient Egyptians believed that Khepri renewed the sun every day before rolling it above the horizon, then carried it through the other world after sunset, only to renew it, again, the next day.
Nut is the goddess of the sky in ancient Egyptian religion. She was seen as a star-covered nude woman arching over the earth or as a cow. Nut is a daughter of Shu and Tefnut. Her brother and husband is Geb. She had four or five children: Osiris, Set, Isis, Nephthys, and—in early Egyptian sources—Horus. She is considered one of the oldest deities among the Egyptian pantheon.
The Hamsa, also known as the Khamsa, the Humes hand, the Hand of Fatima and the Hand of Miriam, is a popular symbol found throughout the Middle East and northern Africa, particularly within the Islamic and Jewish faiths. From Ancient times, the symbol has been used as a form of protection to ward off the evil eye – a curse believed to be cast by a malevolent glare, usually given to a person when they are unaware. Artwork: Hamsa by Valentina Harper
The Anunnaki are the gods depicted in Ancient Mesopotamian culture (Sumerian, Babylonian, Akkadian and Assyrian). They are descendants of the main supreme god, An. Their roles changed in different writings from being heavenly gods, to eventually serving as the seven judges of the Underworld.